At the end of July 2010, heavy rains caused catastrophic floods across large sections of northern Pakistan. By mid-August, floodwater had traveled south down the Indus River, breaching bunds and causing devastating flooding throughout northern Sindh and bordering areas of Baluchistan. Over 1,600 deaths were reported countrywide and an estimated 20 million people were affected by the disaster, described as the worst flooding in living memory.
The Government of Sindh Provincial Disaster Management Authority reported over 1.5 million people affected by the floods in more than 4,000 villages. More than 200,000 homes and over 850,000 acres of cultivated land were partially or completely destroyed. Meanwhile, the Government of Balochistan Provincial Disaster Management Authority reported over 0.7 million people affected by the floods in Naseerabad division, which includes Jaffarabad. More than 100,000 homes and thousands acres of cultivated land were partially or completely destroyed. In both provinces, hundreds of thousands of people fled the floodwaters causing massive internal displacement.
In both Sindh and Balochistan CRS and its local partners launched a large-scale emergency response to assist flood-affected households, focusing on Kashmore and Jacobabad in Sindh and Jaffarabad and Nasirabad in Balochistan. The emergency response and early recovery program focused on NFI, shelter, water sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and Livelihoods support.
In January 2011, CRS was awarded 2,059,083 GBP to assist households affected by the flood through livelihoods, WASH, protection and disaster risk reduction (DRR) programming in Jacobabad and Kashmore districts of northern Sindh province and Naseerabad and Jaffarabad districts in Balochistan province.
- Purpose a: By end of project (EOP), 70% of 5,700 target flood-affected households have access to sanitation facilities, hygiene information and at least 15 liters of clean water per person per day to meet their essential household needs.
- Purpose b: 75% of 5,700 targeted households have restarted their previous livelihood activities by EOP.
- Purpose c: By EOP, 240 communities have been sensitized about protection; 1500 EVIs with specific needs received direct assistance either from CRS or by referral to partners; and district level referral and coordination mechanisms have been strengthened in Kashmore and Jacobabad.
- Purpose d: By EOP, 80% of 10,715 target flood-affected communities are implementing disaster preparedness plans that are linked with local government initiatives
Key project activities for each program sector as follows:
- Conduct hygiene promotion sessions in communities to improve the overall hygiene situation
- Repair, improve or construct water supply schemes (i.e. hand pumps, water ponds, and water storage tanks/reservoirs)
- Distribute and teach communities with poor water quality to construct bio-sand filters
- Construct latrines in communities
- Distribute cash grants and commodity vouchers to be redeemed at CRS led “market days” for seasonal crop seed (rice or wheat) and fertilizer
- Cash-for-work schemes to repair productive infrastructure (e.g., irrigation channels, small bridges, culverts)
- Conduct community workshops and meetings to educate communities about their basic rights and identify extremely vulnerable individuals (EVI) in the community
- Identify and assist or refer EVI cases for assistance
- Assist communities to access basic services such as receiving NCIC card
- Participate in protection working group that functions as a referral mechanism for EVI cases
- Form clusters of villages and conduct DRR workshop for representatives of clusters
- Assist communities to identify and prioritize the DRR needs of their community and create DRR plans
- Construct or repair existing infrastructure according to the DRR needs prioritized by communities
The consultant will be responsible for conducting an evaluation of project activities incorporating both quantitative and qualitative methodologies to illustrate the success and overall impact of the project. The evaluation will also be designed to allow CRS to measure changes in the situation following the intervention. Specifically the consultant will collect data according to the following topics:
- Relevance/coherence and appropriateness: did the intervention have clear and relevant objectives and a realistic plan showing how activities will contribute to these? Did the intervention meet local needs?
- Results/Impact: has the intervention made progress against planned outcomes?
- Sustainability: which aspects of the intervention are expected to have longer term impacts?
- Equity: how and to what degree have poor and/or marginalised populations been able to benefit, with particular reference to issues of gender equality, HIV, disability and age?
- Stewardship and value for money: how have efficiency and effectiveness been ensured?
- Learning: how has learning been captured, shared and applied?
- Application of humanitarian principles/sphere standards/codes of conduct/accountability mechanisms: How and to what degree these were applied?
- CAFOD’s added value and role: what has been the specific contribution of CAFOD in the intervention?
The work of the consultant will include: developing an appropriate evaluation methodology, identification of data collectors, develop the qualitative and quantitative evaluation tools, facilitate evaluation tool training for data collectors, supervise the evaluation, manage data entry/analysis, and report writing. All aspects of the consultant’s work will be done in coordination with input from CRS Pakistan.
The consultant will ensure that the methodology evaluates activities carried out throughout the intervention target areas, inclusive of: Jacobabad and Kashmore districts of northern Sindh province, and Naseerabad and Jaffarabad districts in Balochistan.
1 September 2012 – 1 October 2012
4. Roles and Responsibilities:
(Sukkur and Quetta sub-offices)
- Liaise with consultant and local authorities
- Review & comment on evaluation tools
- Coordinate and organize logistics, as needed
- Review draft report and offer any additional clarifications as needed
- Approve final report
- Pay consultant
- Develop evaluation methodology
- Develop evaluation tools in collaboration with CRS Pakistan
- Field test or pre-test evaluation tools
- Identify sample group for evaluation
- Identify and train data collectors and supervisors (as per agreement with CRS Pakistan regarding extent of consultant in hiring)
- Implement & supervise evaluation
- Data entry
- Data analysis
- Submit report outline
- Write draft report, and submit to CRS Pakistan for review
- Incorporate comments
- Submit final report
- 1. Deliverables and delivery schedule:
31 August 2012
Draft survey methodology, work plan (max. 5 pages) and tools
3 September 2012
Final survey methodology, work plan (max. 5 pages) and tools
6 September 2012
Draft Report & data base (including all hard copies of
25 September 2012
30 September 2012
NOTE: All materials must be made available in English for review purposes.
7. Resources available:
The following resources will be made available to the consultant:
- Approved project proposal
- Project reports
- Past evaluations (including real-time evaluations)
- Monitoring data
- Training materials/modules
- Procurement and financial documents (as needed)
8. Key working Relationships:
CRS Islamabad: Head of Programming,
CRS Sukkur: Sukkur & Quetta Heads of Office, Sukkur Deputy Head of Office, WASH Program Manager, Livelihoods Program Manager, Protection and DRR Project Coordinator, M&E and Partner Support Coordinator, M&E Officer, Balochistan Emergency Program Manager
External: Government of Pakistan departments (Sindh & Balochistan Provinces), other NGOs and INGOS including CRS partner organizations, multi-lateral organizations (UN, etc.), beneficiaries. CAFOD London
CRS will pay the consultant an agreed upon rate following the submission of the final report. This rate will be agreed upon with the consultant prior to the signing of a contract. Consultants can negotiate this rate to include costs needed for other key assessment team member (interviewers) directly or can request CRS to organize and pay directly for additional support staff for the assessment.